Physical-Chemical Chart of Elements examples of use (I)

Physical-Chemical Chart of Elements examples of use (I)



I recommend you to print (or open in a separate window) to check the following explanations I will give about how to use it.

I’ll start with a molecule essential for human life: water.

First: The chemical formula of water is, two atoms of hydrogen for each atom of oxygen. If you look carefully on the table, you will see I included some light blue colored lines. I have put this lines joining hydrogene, oxygen, and carbon, which are essential elements in organic chemistry, and they are forming a triple junction above the top border of the carbon symbol in the table. The angles for those three lines which join there are equal and of 120º sexagesimal, I did this way because water molecule is considered to have a planar triangular molecule whose branches spread from the oxygen in one 120º sexagesimal degrees, thus creating a wavy watery ‘reticular structure considered an equilateral triangle.

My model and table applies too for DNA and RNA double and single helices, but that is much more difficult and long to explain, so if you are familiar with their three-dimensional dispositions and chain of reactants, for which I put some atoms into circles, and reactions, just keep reading, understand what I am saying and you will check it applies too.

Second: Ethene or ethylene (systematic/traditional) molecule has two hydrogenes for each carbon. It has a double bond between its two carbons thus balancing octect rule. Consider two axis intersecting between them between the two carbons making the double bond, one of the axis being into the same line of the double bond between carbons, and the other axis perpendicular to the other.

This way, you have a vertex in the middle of the double bond between carbons from which you can divide the molecule in four regions in space, if you look to the top left region of the molecule divided like this, it matches exactly the position where I have put the triple junction in my table. By swinging around the parallel and perpendicular axels you can get the exact locations (according to optical and spectrometral properties of water and its solutions and dissolutions) for the other three regions of the molecule in space.

Third: Ethenol or ethylenglycol (systematic/traditional) molecule has a similar three-dimensional disposition, but adds two oxygens, each with one hydrogene, thus being its molecule a bit ‘thicker’ than that of ethylen.

You only have to take oppossite hydrogenes in ethylene and put in their place an oxygene, that is to say, add an oxigen with an axis where the hydrogen was, and you’ll get the same hydrogene shifted an equivalent distance and parallel to the double bond axis of ethylene, thus having four axels both parallel (or coplanar) to one (its peer), and perpendicular (or more accurately say orthogonal) to the other axels.

By using navy blue rectangle, which is at the centre of the table you’ll get directly into s quantum traditional type orbitals (and many other elements which are not considered to be s orbital pertaining elements by traditional quantum physicists), by using the green one you’ll get the p like orbital (and many other elements which are not considered to be p orbital pertaining elements by traditional quantum physicists), by using the orange you’ll get the d like (and … so on…), and the light gray is for f, but in my model it contains sixteen, not fourteen possible states/positions for electrons, and the yellow is for my G like orbital, this is not full so I put some indication about some ‘known’ elements for which I strongly recommend not to go on either in creating or discovering, because I think we already have a big enough trouble with Rare Earths.

Now you have understood how my table works, try looking for three-D molecules and see if it complies or not, and tell me!


Acerca de María Cristina Alonso Cuervo

I am a teacher of English who started to write this blog in May 2014. In the column on the right I included some useful links and widgets Italian is another section of my blog which I called 'Cornice Italiana'. There are various tags and categories you can pick from. I also paint, compose, and play music, I always liked science, nature, arts, language... and other subjects which you can come across while reading my posts. Best regards.
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